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Video type parameters

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The <video> element allows UA capability-based fallback with multiple alternative video resources designated by multiple <source> elements. The UA is expected to pick the alternative it tries to play by comparing the information given in the type attribute against its knowledge about its own playback capabilities.

The main media type designates the container format. In general, it does not say anything about codecs needed to decode the streams packaged in the container. RFC 4281 defines a codecs MIME parameter for indicating which codecs are used within the container. The parameter takes a double-quoted comma-separated list of codec identifiers. For example, the MIME type for MPEG-4 Simple Profile Level 0 video and AMR audio in a 3GPP container (.3gp) is video/3gpp; codecs="mp4v.20.9,samr".

The following list is organized by container.

Ogg

MIME types: application/ogg (RFC 3534), audio/ogg, video/ogg (RFC 5334)

Filename extension: .ogg, .oga, .ogv

This is not the complete set of codecs from RFC 5334. See also http://wiki.xiph.org/index.php/MIMETypesCodecs

Video Codecs

  • Theora: theora
  • Dirac: dirac

Audio Codecs

  • Vorbis: vorbis
  • Speex: speex
  • FLAC: flac

Matroska

Main MIME type: video/x-matroska

Filename extension: .mkv

Video Codecs

  • Theora: unknown
  • Dirac: unknown

Audio Codecs

  • Vorbis: unknown

MPEG

MIME types: audio/mpeg (RFC 3003), video/mpeg (RFC 2046)

Filename extension: .mp1, .mp2, .mp3, .mpg, .mpeg

There are no registered codecs parameters.

MPEG-4

Main MIME type: video/mp4 (RFC 4337)

Filename extension: .mp4

Video Codecs

  • H.264 Baseline: avc1.42E0xx, where xx is the AVC level
  • H.264 Main: avc1.4D40xx, where xx is the AVC level
  • H.264 High: avc1.6400xx, where xx is the AVC level
  • MPEG-4 Visual Simple Profile Level 0: mp4v.20.9
  • MPEG-4 Visual Advanced Simple Profile Level 0: mp4v.20.240

Audio Codecs

  • Low-Complexity AAC: mp4a.40.2

3GPP

Main MIME type: video/3gpp (RFC 3839)

Filename extension: .3gp

Video Codecs

  • MPEG-4 Visual Simple Profile Level 0: mp4v.20.9

Audio Codecs

  • Low-Complexity AAC: mp4a.40.2
  • AMR: samr

ASF

Main MIME type: video/x-ms-wmv

Filename extension: .wmv

Video Codecs

  • Windows Media Video 8 (4CC: WMV2): unknown
  • Windows Media Video 9 / VC-1 Main (4CC: WMV3): unknown
  • Windows Media Video 9 Advanced / VC-1 Advanced (4CC: WVC1): unknown

Audio Codecs

  • Windows Media Audio 2: unknown
  • Windows Media Audio 10 Professional: unknown

Real Media

Main MIME type: application/vnd.rn-realmedia

Filename extension: .rm

Is this single-vendor format even relevant here?

WAVE

Main MIME type: audio/x-wav

Filename extension: .wav

Audio Codecs

The codes below are from MMReg.h from the Windows SDK. These and more can also be found in the GStreamer riff-ids.h header.

Tag Code Origin
WAVE_FORMAT_UNKNOWN 0x0000 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_PCM 0x0001
WAVE_FORMAT_ADPCM 0x0002 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_IEEE_FLOAT 0x0003 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_VSELP 0x0004 Compaq Computer Corp.
WAVE_FORMAT_IBM_CVSD 0x0005 IBM Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_ALAW 0x0006 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_MULAW 0x0007 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_DTS 0x0008 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_DRM 0x0009 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_WMAVOICE9 0x000A Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_WMAVOICE10 0x000B Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_OKI_ADPCM 0x0010 OKI
WAVE_FORMAT_DVI_ADPCM 0x0011 Intel Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_MEDIASPACE_ADPCM 0x0012 Videologic
WAVE_FORMAT_SIERRA_ADPCM 0x0013 Sierra Semiconductor Corp
WAVE_FORMAT_G723_ADPCM 0x0014 Antex Electronics Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_DIGISTD 0x0015 DSP Solutions, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_DIGIFIX 0x0016 DSP Solutions, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_DIALOGIC_OKI_ADPCM 0x0017 Dialogic Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_MEDIAVISION_ADPCM 0x0018 Media Vision, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_CU_CODEC 0x0019 Hewlett-Packard Company
WAVE_FORMAT_YAMAHA_ADPCM 0x0020 Yamaha Corporation of America
WAVE_FORMAT_SONARC 0x0021 Speech Compression
WAVE_FORMAT_DSPGROUP_TRUESPEECH 0x0022 DSP Group, Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_ECHOSC1 0x0023 Echo Speech Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_AUDIOFILE_AF36 0x0024 Virtual Music, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_APTX 0x0025 Audio Processing Technology
WAVE_FORMAT_AUDIOFILE_AF10 0x0026 Virtual Music, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_PROSODY_1612 0x0027 Aculab plc
WAVE_FORMAT_LRC 0x0028 Merging Technologies S.A.
WAVE_FORMAT_DOLBY_AC2 0x0030 Dolby Laboratories
WAVE_FORMAT_GSM610 0x0031 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_MSNAUDIO 0x0032 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_ANTEX_ADPCME 0x0033 Antex Electronics Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_CONTROL_RES_VQLPC 0x0034 Control Resources Limited
WAVE_FORMAT_DIGIREAL 0x0035 DSP Solutions, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_DIGIADPCM 0x0036 DSP Solutions, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_CONTROL_RES_CR10 0x0037 Control Resources Limited
WAVE_FORMAT_NMS_VBXADPCM 0x0038 Natural MicroSystems
WAVE_FORMAT_CS_IMAADPCM 0x0039 Crystal Semiconductor IMA ADPCM
WAVE_FORMAT_ECHOSC3 0x003A Echo Speech Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_ROCKWELL_ADPCM 0x003B Rockwell International
WAVE_FORMAT_ROCKWELL_DIGITALK 0x003C Rockwell International
WAVE_FORMAT_XEBEC 0x003D Xebec Multimedia Solutions Limited
WAVE_FORMAT_G721_ADPCM 0x0040 Antex Electronics Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_G728_CELP 0x0041 Antex Electronics Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_MSG723 0x0042 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_MPEG 0x0050 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_RT24 0x0052 InSoft, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_PAC 0x0053 InSoft, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_MPEGLAYER3 0x0055 ISO/MPEG Layer3 Format Tag
WAVE_FORMAT_riLUCENT_G723 0x0059 Lucent Technologies
WAVE_FORMAT_CIRRUS 0x0060 Cirrus Logic
WAVE_FORMAT_ESPCM 0x0061 ESS Technology
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE 0x0062 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_CANOPUS_ATRAC 0x0063 Canopus, co., Ltd.
WAVE_FORMAT_G726_ADPCM 0x0064 APICOM
WAVE_FORMAT_G722_ADPCM 0x0065 APICOM
WAVE_FORMAT_DSAT_DISPLAY 0x0067 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_BYTE_ALIGNED 0x0069 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_AC8 0x0070 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_AC10 0x0071 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_AC16 0x0072 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_AC20 0x0073 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_RT24 0x0074 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_RT29 0x0075 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_RT29HW 0x0076 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_VR12 0x0077 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_VR18 0x0078 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_TQ40 0x0079 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_SOFTSOUND 0x0080 Softsound, Ltd.
WAVE_FORMAT_VOXWARE_TQ60 0x0081 Voxware Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_MSRT24 0x0082 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_G729A 0x0083 AT&T Labs, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_MVI_MVI2 0x0084 Motion Pixels
WAVE_FORMAT_DF_G726 0x0085 DataFusion Systems Pty Ltd
WAVE_FORMAT_DF_GSM610 0x0086 DataFusion Systems Pty Ltd
WAVE_FORMAT_ISIAUDIO 0x0088 Iterated Systems, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_ONLIVE 0x0089 OnLive! Technologies, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_SBC24 0x0091 Siemens Business Communications Sys
WAVE_FORMAT_DOLBY_AC3_SPDIF 0x0092 Sonic Foundry
WAVE_FORMAT_MEDIASONIC_G723 0x0093 MediaSonic
WAVE_FORMAT_PROSODY_8KBPS 0x0094 Aculab plc
WAVE_FORMAT_ZYXEL_ADPCM 0x0097 ZyXEL Communications, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_PHILIPS_LPCBB 0x0098 Philips Speech Processing
WAVE_FORMAT_PACKED 0x0099 Studer Professional Audio AG
WAVE_FORMAT_MALDEN_PHONYTALK 0x00A0 Malden Electronics Ltd.
WAVE_FORMAT_RHETOREX_ADPCM 0x0100 Rhetorex Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_IRAT 0x0101 BeCubed Software Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_VIVO_G723 0x0111 Vivo Software
WAVE_FORMAT_VIVO_SIREN 0x0112 Vivo Software
WAVE_FORMAT_DIGITAL_G723 0x0123 Digital Equipment Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_SANYO_LD_ADPCM 0x0125 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
WAVE_FORMAT_SIPROLAB_ACEPLNET 0x0130 Sipro Lab Telecom Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_SIPROLAB_ACELP4800 0x0131 Sipro Lab Telecom Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_SIPROLAB_ACELP8V3 0x0132 Sipro Lab Telecom Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_SIPROLAB_G729 0x0133 Sipro Lab Telecom Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_SIPROLAB_G729A 0x0134 Sipro Lab Telecom Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_SIPROLAB_KELVIN 0x0135 Sipro Lab Telecom Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_G726ADPCM 0x0140 Dictaphone Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_QUALCOMM_PUREVOICE 0x0150 Qualcomm, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_QUALCOMM_HALFRATE 0x0151 Qualcomm, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_TUBGSM 0x0155 Ring Zero Systems, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_MSAUDIO1 0x0160 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_WMAUDIO2 0x0161 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_WMAUDIO3 0x0162 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_WMAUDIO_LOSSLESS 0x0163 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_WMASPDIF 0x0164 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_UNISYS_NAP_ADPCM 0x0170 Unisys Corp.
WAVE_FORMAT_UNISYS_NAP_ULAW 0x0171 Unisys Corp.
WAVE_FORMAT_UNISYS_NAP_ALAW 0x0172 Unisys Corp.
WAVE_FORMAT_UNISYS_NAP_16K 0x0173 Unisys Corp.
WAVE_FORMAT_CREATIVE_ADPCM 0x0200 Creative Labs, Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_CREATIVE_FASTSPEECH8 0x0202 Creative Labs, Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_CREATIVE_FASTSPEECH10 0x0203 Creative Labs, Inc
WAVE_FORMAT_UHER_ADPCM 0x0210 UHER informatic GmbH
WAVE_FORMAT_QUARTERDECK 0x0220 Quarterdeck Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_ILINK_VC 0x0230 I-link Worldwide
WAVE_FORMAT_RAW_SPORT 0x0240 Aureal Semiconductor
WAVE_FORMAT_ESST_AC3 0x0241 ESS Technology, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_GENERIC_PASSTHRU 0x0249
WAVE_FORMAT_IPI_HSX 0x0250 Interactive Products, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_IPI_RPELP 0x0251 Interactive Products, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_CS2 0x0260 Consistent Software
WAVE_FORMAT_SONY_SCX 0x0270 Sony Corp.
WAVE_FORMAT_FM_TOWNS_SND 0x0300 Fujitsu Corp.
WAVE_FORMAT_BTV_DIGITAL 0x0400 Brooktree Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_QDESIGN_MUSIC 0x0450 QDesign Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_VME_VMPCM 0x0680 AT&T Labs, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_TPC 0x0681 AT&T Labs, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_OLIGSM 0x1000 Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A.
WAVE_FORMAT_OLIADPCM 0x1001 Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A.
WAVE_FORMAT_OLICELP 0x1002 Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A.
WAVE_FORMAT_OLISBC 0x1003 Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A.
WAVE_FORMAT_OLIOPR 0x1004 Ing C. Olivetti & C., S.p.A.
WAVE_FORMAT_LH_CODEC 0x1100 Lernout & Hauspie
WAVE_FORMAT_NORRIS 0x1400 Norris Communications, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_SOUNDSPACE_MUSICOMPRESS 0x1500 AT&T Labs, Inc.
WAVE_FORMAT_MPEG_ADTS_AAC 0x1600 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_MPEG_RAW_AAC 0x1601 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_NOKIA_MPEG_ADTS_AAC 0x1608 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_NOKIA_MPEG_RAW_AAC 0x1609 Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_VODAFONE_MPEG_ADTS_AAC 0x160A Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_VODAFONE_MPEG_RAW_AAC 0x160B Microsoft Corporation
WAVE_FORMAT_DVM 0x2000 FAST Multimedia AG
WAVE_FORMAT_EXTENSIBLE 0xFFFE Microsoft

Browser Support

The table below lists the results of canPlayType(type) for different browsers. It does not necessary relate to what the browsers actually can play.

Note: The spec has replaced "no" with "", but no implementations have updated to reflect this yet.


MIME Firefox 3.5 Safari 4 Chrome 3
application/ogg maybe no no
application/ogg; codecs=bogus no no no
application/mp4 no no no
application/mp4; codecs=bogus no no no
audio/aiff no probably no
audio/basic no probably no
audio/midi no probably no
audio/mpeg no probably probably
audio/mp4 no probably probably
audio/mp4; codecs=bogus no maybe probably
audio/ogg maybe no probably
audio/ogg; codecs=bogus no no probably
audio/wav maybe probably no
audio/wav; codecs=0 maybe maybe no
audio/wav; codecs=1 probably maybe no
audio/wav; codecs=2 no maybe no
audio/wave maybe no no
audio/wave; codecs=0 maybe no no
audio/wave; codecs=1 probably no no
audio/wave; codecs=2 no no no
audio/x-aiff no probably no
audio/x-wav; codecs=0 maybe maybe no
audio/x-wav; codecs=1 probably maybe no
audio/x-wav; codecs=2 no maybe no
video/3gpp no probably no
video/avi no probably no
video/mpeg no probably probably
video/mp4 no probably probably
video/mp4; codecs=bogus no maybe probably
video/quicktime no probably no
video/ogg maybe no probably
video/ogg; codecs=bogus no no probably
video/x-msvideo no probably no
video/mp4; codecs="avc1.42E01E, mp4a.40.2" no maybe probably
video/mp4; codecs="avc1.58A01E, mp4a.40.2" no maybe probably
video/mp4; codecs="avc1.4D401E, mp4a.40.2" no maybe probably
video/mp4; codecs="avc1.64001E, mp4a.40.2" no maybe probably
video/mp4; codecs="mp4v.20.8, mp4a.40.2" no maybe probably
video/mp4; codecs="mp4v.20.240, mp4a.40.2" no maybe probably
video/3gpp; codecs="mp4v.20.8, samr" no maybe no
video/ogg; codecs="theora, vorbis" probably no probably
video/ogg; codecs="theora, speex" no no probably
audio/ogg; codecs=vorbis probably no probably
audio/ogg; codecs=speex no no probably
audio/ogg; codecs=flac no no probably
video/ogg; codecs="dirac, vorbis" no no probably
video/x-matroska; codecs="theora, vorbis" no no no

MIME types used in the wild (in type="")

MIME type defaults in Web servers