Real world uses of Canvas
List some real-world examples of uses of canvas that are examples of things best done with canvas and not other features of HTML:
- http://www.ludei.com/sumon (have no idea if its better done in canvas)
- http://www.ludei.com/games (other games on this site)
- https://www.lucidchart.com/documents/edit?button#4766-6fcc-4f18275d-b546-71450a7ac5be?demo=on&branch=5a613773-81d2-48fb-b3a5-4fe780978ab4 (The drawing objects could be done with SVG but SVG has more accessibility deficiencies at this time)
- http://archive.dojotoolkit.org/nightly/dojotoolkit/dojox/gfx/demos/circles.html Dojo Gfx Circles Example. Dojo GfX is used extensively by Cognos Business Analytics software to produce charts, etc.
- http://archive.dojotoolkit.org/nightly/dojotoolkit/dojox/gfx/demos/career_test.html Career Aptitude Test Example. Dojo GfX is used extensively by Cognos Business Analytics software to produce charts, etc.
- http://www.phpied.com/canvas-pie/ Pie Charts are a common output of Cognos BI which makes use of Dojo Gfx which can use either canvas or SVG. So, it it is not a stand alone application but would be used in a real world application.
Limitations of real-world use cases
In this section, discuss specific examples from the list above and explore what those use cases fail to do (e.g. in terms of accessibility) which they should do.
- Keyboard users can't tab to specific points and move them from the keyboard.
- Should show focus ring around the selected point when moving by keyboard movement.
- Limited-vision users can't zoom around the specific area that the user is manipulating.
- It's a pity the mouse cursor has to be manually changed onmousemove.
- Finger users can't drag their finger across the canvas to find the various interactive parts of the document, because the user agent doesn't know ahead of times which parts are interactive.
- can't navigate and activate buttons using keyboard
- various UI controls not identified as controls or operable for range of users.
- can't zoom in to specific controls on the UI
- can't communicate time remaining info to some users
- With scrollIntoView the author could bring the numbers into view within the canvas but the assistive technology cannot assess how to place the magnification point around the element as it does not know the corresponding role of the element. Many magnifier users are able to use a mouse so they would not be relying on keyboard for focus.
- A magnifier vendor will want to allow the user to search the gridd of numbers to find an appropriate match. However, the magnifier cannot provide the ability to magnify around the number as it does not know the location of the element.
- With scrollPathIntoView the author could bring the numbers into view within the canvas but the assistive technology cannot assess how to place the magnification point around the element as it does not know the corresponding role of the element. Many magnifier users are able to use a mouse.
- A magnifier vendor will want to allow the user to search the drawing surface of the flow chart to find an appropriate match. However, the magnifier cannot provide the ability to magnify around the number as it does not know the location of the element.
- NOTE: An advantage canvas has over SVG is that it shares the same DOM and keyboard navigation model as HTML. So, if one were to mix the best features of HTML (interactive widgets) with a drawing technology, including things like semantic relationships between elements, canvas is a better choice. So, SVG is not necessarily the preferred technology for accessibility. So, where we have a flow chart region of drawing objects the author could implement an HTML or an HTML/ARIA-enabled list box in fallback content inside a navigation section and a screen reader could bring it up in the list of navigable landmarks and it could be included in the keyboard navigation order.
- From the previous bullet, the magnifier cannot assess the location location of the element in order to position the magnifier within the context of a list box.
- When images are turned off canvas disappears. With fallback content you now have semantic content. Should the fallback content be rendered? Should the text labels for the fallback content be rendered? We now have interactive content so we need a better solution.
- If a pie chart were scrolled into view it would be treated as a list box in fallback at this time. The location of the slices is not discernible by a magnifier nor is the bounds of the circle. Consequently, the magnifier does not have the knowledge to properly position the magnifier while navigating the list box. The author can scrollPathIntoView but that does provide enough information to determine if this is something to magnify to or how to magnify to it. It does not know what is being scrolled into view.
In this section, propose alternatives to improve canvas to make it easier to fill in the limitations listed in the previous section.
Take the pages from the first section and show how they would be changed to use the proposals in the previous section.